A brain hemorrhage occurs when an artery in the brain bursts, causing bleeding and swelling. This can kill brain cells, cause brain damage, or death. Such hemorrhages occur as a result of head trauma, bleeding disorders, liver diseases, aneurysms, brain tumors and high blood pressure. Medications like anti-coagulants can also cause brain hemorrhages. According to WebMD, 13 percent of strokes occur as a result of a brain hemorrhage.
Symptoms of Brain Hemorrhage
The symptoms of a brain hemorrhage vary depending on where the hemorrhage occurs and type of hemorrhage. Symptoms can develop suddenly or over time. Symptoms may include:
- Sudden headache
- Decreased alertness
- Nausea or vomiting
- Changes in vision
- Loss off fine motor skills, hand tremors
- Loss of coordination or balance
- Tingling or numbness
- Difficulty swallowing, speaking, or understanding speech
- Chest pain and pressure
- Seizures without a history of seizures
- Weakness in the legs or arms
Treatment for a brain hemorrhage depends on the severity and location of the hemorrhage. Physicians may order a CT scan, MRI, blood tests, lumbar puncture or eye exam to determine treatment options. Surgery, painkillers, diuretics and painkillers may be used to reduce swelling and bleeding. Anticonvulsants can help control seizures. While some individuals will recover from a brain hemorrhage, others will experience stroke, reduced brain function or death.
Drug Side Effects
A Pradaxa brain hemorrhage poses a particular threat to the life of a patient as there is no known antidote to get the bleeding under control. Though a hemorrhage event is common among anticoagulants on the whole, other medications respond to doses of vitamin K as a means to stop the bleeding. Other Pradaxa side effects include gastrointestinal bleeding, heart attack, and death.